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Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in Taranskei, South Africa. His parents named him “Rolahlala.” His mother sent him school at the age of seven he was the first child from their family to go school. Nelson said that when he went to school first day their teacher give English name to all the students. He said that he does not know why his teacher name him “Mandela.” At the age of 19 Mandela went to Fort Hair University where he mate, a boy “Oliver Tambov” and their friend ship remain forever. He started his political career from 1948. On 5 December 1956, police arrested him. Case runs very long and in 1961, he was released from the police custody. In 1961 Mandela became the Head of ANC Army wing. In 1962, Nelson Mandela went to Algeria for the arms training. When he come back to Africa on 5 August 1962 he was cougth by the police in a traffic jam and went to jail for five years. Mandela spent 27 years of his life in jail. On 10 May 1994, he was elected as the President of South Africa. He died on 5 December 2013.

Nelson Mandela Death News

Nelson Mandela Photo

South Africa ke phele siah farm saddar aur mulk mein nasli imtiaz ke khilaf jid o jehad ki alamat samjhe jane wale rehnuma Nelson Mandela95 bara ski umar mein inteqal kar gaye hain.Nelson Mandela phepron mein infection ki wajah se taweel arse se zer e ilaj the aur unhon ne jumeraat ki raat (5th December 2013) muqami waqat ke mutabiq 9 baje ke qareeb is duniya ko kherbad kaha. Nelson Mandela ko Baba e jahori junobi Africa kaha jata hai aur junobi Africa mein unhein ahteram se “Madiba” ke naam se pukara jata hai. Junobi Africa ke saddar jacob Zoma ne un ke inteqal ke bare mein elan karte howae kaha ke humari quom aik azeem sapot se mehroom ho gai hai. Unhon ne kaha ke Nelson Mandela ki tadfeen sarkari ezaz ke sath ho gi aur un ki wafat par qomi parcham sar nagon kar diya gaya hai jo Nelson Mandela ki tadfeen tak sar nagon rahe ga.

Nelson Mandela Akhiri Rusoomat

The funeral ceremony of Nelson Mandela performed on Tuesday 10 December 2013 in Johannes Burg. In the ceremony of comprising prayer of Nelson Mandela leaders from more then 90 countries were participated. After the ceremony, the body of Nelson Mandela was sended to Pretoria, Capital of South Africa.

South Africa mein sarkari satah par mulk ke phele siyah fam saddar anjahani Nelson Mandela ki akhiri rosomat ada kar di gayein. Johannes Burg mein Mandela ki yad mein munaqidah duaiya taqreeb mein darjanon almi rahnumaon samet hazaron afrad sharik howae, Nelson Mandela ko khiraj e tehseen pesh karne walon mein Amrici saddar Barak Obahma, aqwam e mudtehada ke General secatry Ban KI Mon samet 90 almi rahnuma bhi sharik howae, mangal (Tuesday 10 December 2013) ko is taqreeb ka ineqad FNB stadium mein kiya gaya is ke elawa mazid teen (3) stadiums mein bari screns par ye taqreeb barahe rast dikhai gai. Nelson Mandela ka jasd e khaki duaiya taqreeb ke bad teen (3) din tak darul hukumat Pretoria mein rakhne ke leye rawana kar diya gay.

Nelson Mandela History In Urdu

Early Age:

Nelson Mandela 18 July 1918 ko Junobi Africa ke elaqe Taranskei mein paida howae. Waldeen ne un ka naam “Rolahlala” rakha jis ka matlab hai “ghasbon ko lalkarne wala.” Agarcha Mandela ke waldeen taleem yafta nahi the nagar un ki walda ne saat (7) saal ki umar mein unhein school bheja. Nelson Mandela apne qabele ke phele fard the jinhon ne school mein dakhla liya. Mandela batate hain, “ke school ke phele roz humari ustani ne tamam tulba ko engrezi naam deye. Ye un dinon Africa mein riwaj tha aur is mein koi shak nahi ke ye batrwiyon ka humari taleem ke khilaf tasub tha. Mujhe Nelson ka naam diya gaya aur mujhe nahi malom ke unhon ne mery leye is naam ka intekhab kyun kia.”

Mandela ki umar jab 19 baras hoi to Fort Hair University mein un ki mulaqat “Oliver Tambov” naami aik nujawan se hoi aur ye donon umar bhar sath rahe. Mandela ne apni zindagi ki pheli baghawat college ke first year ke ikhtetam par University ki policyon ke khilaf ki. Nelson Mandela se kaha gaya ke ya to wo tulba numaindah concil ke intekhabat ko tasleem karein ya phir college chor dein. Mandela ne college chor diya magar taleem ke shaq mein un ka dil beqarar raha. Unhon ne jail mein rehte howae University of Landon se, private talib e elm ke tor par qanon ki taleem hasil ki.

Start of Practical Politics :

Nelson Mandela ne amli siyasat ka aghaz 1948 mein us waqat kiya jab nasli imtiaz ki hami jamat African natioal party barsar e iqtedar aai. Is ke bad 1952 mein Mandela ne ANC (African National Congress) naami party ki difai muhim aur 1955 ke congress of people ki qayadat ki jis ke chartered of freedom ki badolat nasli imtiaz mukhalif muhim ko taqwiyat mili. Is doran Mandela aur un ke sathi Oliver Tambov ne aik qanoni farm chalai. Ye log siah farm bashindon ko arzan qanoni muawnat farahum karte the. In hi barson mein Mandela ne un qawaneen ki bhi sakhti se mukhalfat ki jin ke tehat junobi Africa ke kuch elaqe sirf safed farm bashindon ke leye makhsos kiye gaye the, jahan jane ke leye siah farm bashindon ko dastawezat dikhane ki zarorat hoti thi. Unhon ne pore mulk ka dora kiya aur logon ko in imtiazi qawaneen ke khifal mutahrik karne ki koshish ki.

Nelson Mandela ki nasli imtiaz ke khilaf jid o jehad ne Nelson Mandela hukum rano ka aham hadaf bana diya, jis ke natije mein 1956 mein un par pabandiyan aaid kar di gaein. Ab na hi wo safar kar sakte the, na hi kisi se mulaqat, Nelson Mandela ke taqrir karne par bhi pabandi thi. 5th December 1956 ko unhein 150 sathyon ke sath giraftar kiya gaya aur un par ghadari ka ilzam aaid kiya gaya. Ye qanon khososi tor par nasli imtiaz ke khilaf mutahrik karkunon ko hirasan karne ke leye banaya gaya tha. Mandela par muqadma chalta raha aur bila akhir 1961 mein unhein riha kar diya gaya.

1960 mein police ki janib se nehate africion ke qatal e aam aur is ke bad ANC par pabandiyon ke bad Mandela ne apni ghair musalah tehrik ko kheer bad keh diya. Ab un ki zindagi ka maqsad africi hukumat ka khatma tha. Is doran wo musalsal roposhi ki zindagi basar karte rahe. Un ki musalsal roposhi aur police ki unhein giraftar karne mein nakami ne unhein black “Pimpernel” ke naam se mashor kar diya.

1961 mein Nelson Mandela ANC ki Foji wing ke sarbarah ban gaye. 1962 mein wo Algeria gaye jahan unhon ne gorila jung aur hathyaron ki tarbiyat hasil ki. Un ki Africa wapsi ke thore hi arse bad 5 August 1962 ko unhein traffic jam ke doran giraftar kar ke 5 saalon ke leye jail bhej diya gaya. October 1963 mein Nelson Mandela aur un ke digar sathiyon par takhrib kari aur ghadari ka muqadma chalaya gaya. Muqadme ke doran un ki aik taqrir jis ka unwan tha “main marne ko taiyar hun” ne duniya ko apni taraf mutawajah kiya. Is taqrir mein unhon ne waze kiya ke akhir wo kia wajohat thein jin ke bais un ki jamat ANC puaman jid o jehad tark kar ke aslaah unthane par majbor hoi.

1961 mein Nelson Mandela ANC ki Foji wing ke sarbarah ban gaye. 1962 mein wo Algeria gaye jahan unhon ne gorila jung aur hathyaron ki tarbiyat hasil ki. Un ki Africa wapsi ke thore hi arse bad 5 August 1962 ko unhein traffic jam ke doran giraftar kar ke 5 saalon ke leye jail bhej diya gaya. October 1963 mein Nelson Mandela aur un ke digar sathiyon par takhrib kari aur ghadari ka muqadma chalaya gaya. Muqadme ke doran un ki aik taqrir jis ka unwan tha “main marne ko taiyar hun” ne duniya ko apni taraf mutawajah kiya. Is taqrir mein unhon ne waze kiya ke akhir wo kia wajohat thein jin ke bais un ki jamat ANC puaman jid o jehad tark kar ke aslaah unthane par majbor hoi.

12 June 1964 ko Nelson Mandela ke aik ke siwa tamam sathiyon ko mujrim qarar diya gaya, lekin wo saza e mout se bach gaye aur unhein umar qeed ki saza sunai gai. 1964 se 1982 tak 18 baras Mandela ne Captown ke Robin jazire mein qeed kati. Jazire par unhon ne degar sathiyon ke sath intehai sakht taqalif bardasht kein.

Qeed ke doran Mandela ki shuhrat mein bharpor izafa howa aur wo Africa mein aham tareen siyah fam rahnuma ke tor par ubhre. March 1982 mein Mandela aur ANC ke degar rahnumaon ko jazira Robin se Polcimore jail muntaqil kiya gaya. Mandela ki rihai ke leye shadid awami dabao ke bais February 1985 mein Saddar PW Botha ne Mandela ko is shart par rihai ki peshkash ki ke wo musalah jid o jehad ko mukamal tor par tark kar dein. Mandela ne ye peshkash mustarad kar di. Un ka kehna tha ke “is tarah ke muzakrat ke leye insan ka azad hona zarori hai.” 1989 mein “Mandela ko riha karo” ka narah is qadar maqbol howa tha ke Africi hukumat aik manjdhar mein phans gai. Is doran Saddar Botha par falij ka hamla howa aur is ki jagah Fredrik Willam D Clark ko mulk ka naya saddar muntakhib kiya gaya 1988 mein Mandela ko Wicter Warster jail muntaqil kar diya gaya. Is doran Mandela par se kai pabandiyan utha li gaein aur wo logon se milne lage. Naye saddar ne February 1990 mein Nelson Mandela ki rihai ka elan kiya. Rihai ke foran bad Nelson Mandela ne ANC ki qayadat sanbhali aur aaindah char (4) barson mein party ko aam intekhabat ke leye taiyar kiya.

27 April 1994 ko Junobi Africa mein intakhabaat munaqid howae. In intakhabaat ki khas baat ye thi ke pheli martaba is mein har rang o nasal ke bashindon ne vote ka haq istemal kiya. In intakhabaat mein ANC ne 62 fisad vote hasil kiye aue Nelson Mandela 10 May 1994 ko mulk ke phele siyah fam saddar muntakhib howae. Apni mudat e saddarat ke doran unhon ne nasli imtiaz aur aqliyati hukumrani ke khatme ko apna maqsad e awaleen banae rakha. Un ki siyah aur sufed fam bashindon ke mabeen mufaihimat ki policy ko almi satah par zabardast pazirai hasil hoi.

Mandela ke dor e saddarat mein bare pemane par samaji aur mashi islahat hoein. Nelson Mandela ne 1995 mein “truth and reconciliation commission” banaya, jo nasli imtiaz ke tehat insani huqoq ki pamaliyon ki tehqiq karti hai. Nelson Mandela ne siyah fam community ka mayar e zindagi behtar banane ke leye housing, taleem aur mashi taraqi ke mosar iqdamat kiye. Mandela ko Junobi Africa ki dosri mudat ke liye saddar banne ki kuwahish nahi thi.

Nelson Mandela ki jagah 1999 mein Thabo Mbeki Saddar banne. Saddar ka uhda chorne ke baad Nelson Mandela ne siyasat se kinarah kashi ikhtiyar kar li lekin aman, mufahimat aur samaji insaf ka payam bar ban kar duniya mein un ki khidmat jari rahein. Mandela ka shumar “Elders” ke bani arkan mein bhi hota hai. Almi rahnumaon par mushtamil is group ka qayam 2007 mein amal mein aaya jis ka maqsad duniya bhar mein masail aur tanaziaat ko hal karna hai. 2008 mein Mandela ki 90th saalgirah par Jonubi Africa, bartaniya aur duniya ke degar mumalik mein Mandela ki nasli imtiaz ke khilaf jid o jehad ko bharpor khiraj e tehseen pesh kiya gaya. Nelson Mandela ko un ki khidmat par 250 se ziyadah ezazat se nawaza gaya, jin mein sab se qabil e zikar 1993 ka Noble Prize bara e Ammn hai. November 2009 mein aqwam e mutehdah ki General Assembly ki janib se 18 July, Nelson Mandela ki tarikh e paidaish ko “Youm e Mandela” ke tor par manane ka elan kiya gaya.

 

 

 

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